We look for to reach goals and we can energetically make it or without much determination. Motivation is the word that it assigns this mannering process. For even more opinions, read materials from John Studzinski. Motivation consists, therefore, in the set of internal forces that the individual mobilizes to reach objective data as reply to a flagrant necessity, lack or disequilibrium. Others including Steven P Rosenthal, offer their opinions as well. It is the responsible process for the intensity, direction and persistence of the efforts of a person for the reach of one determined goal. The word Motivation comes of Latin movere, that it means ‘ ‘ mover’ ‘. It is, then, what it is susceptible to move the individual, to take to act it to reach something and of it to produce a guided behavior.
The reasons if had become important factor in Psychology, to a large extent because of the efforts of William Mc Dougall (1871), British scientist of the behavior. It called the reasons ‘ ‘ instintos’ ‘ defined them as forces irrationals, compulsory retirements, inherited, that they give form to that the individuals make, they feel, they perceive and they think. Its list published in 1908, on the types of instincts, inclua: curiosity, repulses, aggression, auto-affirmation, escape, creation of son, reproduction, hunger, sociability, acquisition and construtivismo. For return of years 20, the theory of the instincts left of being used to explain the human behavior, in virtue of three aspects: the more important human behaviors are learned; rare the human behavior is rigid inflexible, and invariant; to attribute all human behavior to an instinct does not explain nothing. Thus, for 1900 return, the psychologists had searched more reasonable explanations for the human behavior and had used the words ‘ ‘ motivo’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ necessidade’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ impulso’ ‘ ‘ ‘ instinto’ ‘ in specific ways, therefore these terms are constructos of hypothetical internal processes, that seem to explain the behavior, but cannot directly be observed and be measured. Some psychologists make the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsical motivation. The intrinsic motivation says respect rewards to them that they originate from the activity in itself, in this in case that we say that the behavior is intrinsically recompensador. The extrinsical motivation if relates rewards to them that they are not gotten of the activity, but is the consequence of this activity.
The theory of the necessities has left of the beginning of that the reasons of the human behavior inhabit in the proper individual: its motivation to act and if to hold drift of forces that exist inside of it. Some of these necessities are conscientious, while others not. Abraham Maslow (1943), psychologist humanist and pioneer in the development of the theory of the necessities, in its intitled workmanship: Motivation and Persosnality, presented a theory according to which the necessities human beings is made use in levels of importance and influenciao. It considered that the human beings are born with five systems of necessities: the physiological ones (basic), of security, love (social), esteem and auto-accomplishment, organized in a hierarchy of inferiors the superiors. According to Maslow (op. Cit.) we walk for top, in the presented hierarchy, through some systems; we start with the physiological necessities – food, water, oxygen, sleep, sex, protection, against the extremities of temperature, sensorial stimulation and activity. The necessities for simple survival are strongest, or obligatorier; they need to be satisfied, until certain point, before the other necessities can appear. If one of these necessid.