But even if your car is "older" and in the instructions, use one of the above legacy classes (such as an SD or SF), there is no need to search for oil is the same quality class according to API, and has thus far not the most advanced features. No wonder the car manufacturer's recommendation sounds like this: "It is recommended motor oil grade no lower than (eg) SF no API. Thus, motor oils of the latter class quality are absolutely universal SJ (in terms of API). – Diesel engines of passenger cars, minivans, SUVs, etc.: CA, CB, CC, CD – obsolete classes CF – current klacs that is universal in terms of c API) for all diesel engines in passenger cars, minivans, SUVs, etc. Thus, in terms of API, the oil with the specification of SJ / CF, are versatile and suitable for all petrol and diesel engines of passenger cars, minivans, SUVs, etc. (Regardless of model year), producers who require the use of oils that meet the requirements of only one class of API. In contrast to the API, ACEA specification more fully into account the structural features European engines and modes of operation in the European context. Its requirements for individual tests greatly exceed the requirements of API. Preference should be given grades of oils, which passed the test and received in ASEAN corresponding class quality of this specification. Currently, the specification ACEA has the following classes:-Gasoline engine: A1-96 A2-96, AS-96 – for diesel engines in passenger cars, vans, "SUVs" and the like: B1-96 B2-96, VZ-96 oils, while satisfying the grade AS-96 VZ-96 and have the most advanced features and suitable for all petrol and diesel engines in passenger cars, vans, SUVs, etc.
Fine art was formed at much earlier stages of human development. Even in ancient times primitive man tried to portray that surrounded him, with which he met in life. Paintings of the caves drawings on ivory and bone, cave paintings – all this is followed by thoughts of the ancient artist. Even at that time, art was his need to understand better their surroundings and be aware of the world place. Even in the primitive nature of the people painting aroused admiration and love for others – will portray caused their portrait. So painting was formed – the most common of all types of paint. She has the ability to more fully convey the world in all its diversity.
As ever, the old man was decorated with cave paintings in his way and we want to decorate their apartments and houses in which live, as well as institutions, offices, banks, in which we are working, nice and cozy. We try to create beauty that will radiate light and warmth, uplift and create. It was such beauty, we can achieve with the help of pictures. They may be different: the portraits of famous people landscapes, still lifes, interesting stories … Beautiful pictures are not only able to decorate the interior of whatever, but good pictures are able to educate, to improve the one who contemplates them. But the purchase of paintings – is expensive.
For interior decoration can be applied to photos, they are much cheaper of paintings and look good in what you want the interior. True, many years, people argued about whether his art picture of the artist. Controversy continues at the present time. Only it does not interfere with photographs become known. Photographs, like paintings, exhibited at the exhibition and look at their many visitors. As they say in poetry ' for the sake of one word rid of them one thousand tons of ore a verbal ', and in the photos of the artist at times should spend a lot of time, much of the film, a lot of effort and energy on a single frame, which will be named after the' grandeur frozen moment '.
Similarly, in the zone of gland seals (including those of the microcracks, if any) will remove all the deposits and, in case of loss of elasticity of the seals, Synthetic oil, purifying yourself first 'road', will flow from the engine. Thus, the use of synthetic oils are not recommended in the following cases: * the presence of significant deposits on the inner surfaces of the engine * if the sealing elements (gaskets, valve stem seals, etc.) have lost elasticity and (or) have cracks (you need to replace the gaskets) * engines with seals with the 'stuffing' (GAZ Gazelle, UAZ, old Renault)? possible leak (although at extremely low temperatures, where no alternative is permitted to use 'synthetic') * in the running-in period for engines that require run-in, ie 'Useful wear' to break-in of friction couples. The same applies to the engine after overhaul. In these cases the run-in must be made on quality mineral oil, then you can go to the 'synthetic' * in the rotary-piston engines in all other cases the use of synthetic oils not only in no case will not harm even the 'old' and worn engine, but rather guarantees for its protection and ensure the best possible life. How to make the transition to the use of synthetic motor oil? If there is concern that the transition to 'synthetic' may have problems, you should use the following guidelines: First, to assess condition of the engine, ie check deposits and defective gland seals. If the engine oil leaks already have, then go to 'synthetic' is not possible to eliminate the reasons causing them.
According to the results of testing of winter studded tires, conducted the Russian edition of motorists for “driving” the winner became the model of Michelin X-Ice North 2. In the September issue of “the wheel” tires Michelin X-Ice North 2 was named “Ideal winter” spike. ” Some of the advantages of this model to other member states the test, the editors said the best performance acceleration and braking on a snowy highway, along with excellent lateral grip properties in the snow. In addition, the new French company has demonstrated to the judges outstanding directional stability on all types of coatings and excellent flotation in deep snow, good braking on snow, as well as high efficiency. This bus is best suited for most passenger cars. As heir to X Ice North, this beauty has incorporated all the best qualities of its predecessor and, of course, and so on indicators, such as braking on ice and flotation in deep snow, it has surpassed ten percent.
Numerous tests conducted by specialized publications for motorists, confirm that this is one of the most best of modern winter tires. All structural elements of the tread X Ice North 2 work together to provide the best driving performance in extreme winter conditions. Technology Michelin Full Active Tread provides good traction with winter expensive, accurate steering and perfect stability. System shipovaniya Michelin DURAstud System consists of 12 rows of spines. Tire tread includes two rubber layers – the inner is made of hard rubber and the outer, the contact layer is more elastic. This combination of layers, coupled with the optimal planting thorn protruding by 1.2 mm, provides a reduction in braking distance, and extends the life of thorns. Success in the test log “Driving” – not the first win Michelin X Ice North 2. This bus has been honored with first place in the tests conducted by the Russian specialist magazine “Auto Review.